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Affordability and Sustainability of LoLa Cloud PCs




  • Save on average £630 per PC on capital expenditure.

  • Save up to £350 on Power Consumption, as well as £20 – £40 on maintenance every year.

  • Decrease your carbon emission by up to 235 kg CO2 eq. per PC, depending on the type of device you are replacing with our solution. In addition, as a rough estimate, compared to a laptop, using a PC Hub can decrease emissions by over 355 kg CO2 eq. over the entire life cycle assessment.

  • By using a LoLa Cloud PC on your current device, you can significantly increase the lifespan of your current device and therefore decrease e-waste.

  • Replacing your local device with a PC Hub can further decrease e-waste as it requires fewer natural resources to build, and its components are easier to recycle.


Contents Table




1. Capital Expenditure

Capital expenditure refers to any costs associated with acquiring and maintaining fixed assets, such as equipment. For many businesses, the cost of acquiring and maintaining I.T. equipment, i.e., laptops, smartphones, etc., constitutes a large part of their capital expenditure.


However, at Theo Technologies Ltd, we have produced solutions that can significantly reduce capital expenditure by removing the need to spend money on I.T. maintenance, extending the lifespan of existing devices, and providing a vastly cheaper desktop replacement in the form of our PC Hub thin client device.


This means that the only capital expenditure associated with our services is the cost of our PC Hub, which has a retail value of £70. Compared to the average price of a PC, which according to Statista is £700, by using the PC Hub as a desktop replacement, you can save £630 on average.


Figure 1: PC Hub



This capital expenditure can be avoided altogether if you already have a fully functioning local PC. By subscribing to LoLa and downloading our app on your current PC, you can significantly extend your device's lifespan and negate the need to spend extra on maintenance and hardware upgrades as they are automatic.


2. Operational Expenditure

The primary operational cost associated with our system is the monthly subscription cost and the cost of additional storage where necessary. However, the latter can be negated through the use of shared drives.


The tables below highlight the total cost of services over five years based on the standard of Cloud PC you use and the monthly cost of additional storage. It is vital to bear in mind that these Cloud PCs require no maintenance or upgrades, which in turn means that you never have to buy a new computer again. Finally, thanks to our scalable monthly/yearly subscription models, the operating costs can be spread out in whatever fashion best suits the user.


Table 1: Total Cost of Services over 5 years



Table 2: Monthly Cost of Additional Memory


The secondary operational expense is the cost associated with power consumption. Given the current economic climate regarding the cost of electricity, it is more important than ever before that users find ways to reduce consumption.


To understand how much money can be saved by switching to our system, we must understand the differences in average power consumption between our PC Hub and its competitors.


Table 3: Energy Consumption and Emissions During Use - Comparison


Using these figures, we can estimate each device's yearly power consumption costs, which are displayed in the table below.


Table 4: Power Consumption Cost Comparison


As you can see, by replacing your current system with the PC Hub, you can save up to roughly £350 per PC per year, depending on which PC type you are currently using. This cost may not seem like much for individual users, but businesses that replace one-hundred average desktops with PC Hubs will save around £7,000 annually.


Figure 2: Yearly Power Consumption Comparison



3. Comparison of Costs to Existing Market Solutions

Combining the capital and operational expenditure calculated above, we can produce accurate cost assumptions that can be compared with other cloud solutions and market PCs.


The following tables compare the five-year costs associated with a PC Hub and two of its competitors, the MacBook Air, and a typical high-end PC.


Table 5: MacBook Air VS Standard on PC Hub




Table 6: High-End PC Air VS P4000 GPU on PC Hub




In both scenarios, you can save significantly by replacing your current device(s) with a LoLa PC & the PC Hub thin client. Furthermore, thanks to LoLa’s other features, namely its ultra-high-definition streaming protocol, MoonShine, not only are users saving money per PC, but they’re also gaining quality. In a controlled environment with as little as 20mbps internet speed, LoLa with MoonShine could run up to 8K videos, at 165 fps, with minimal latency. Not to mention the increased flexibility of accessing your Cloud PC from any device, anytime, anywhere in the world.


4. Environmental Impact

Regarding electronic devices, there are two major environmental concerns: carbon emissions & e-waste.


4.1. Carbon Emissions

Table 3 highlights the wattage of your typical devices and the PC Hub. Using those values, the table below calculates yearly consumption based on the assumption that each device is used for eight hours, five days a week, for an entire year. Secondly, it calculates yearly emissions by taking the typical CO2 emissions of one kWh (0.233kg CO2) and multiplying it by the total annual consumption.


Table 7: Power Consumption and Carbon Emissions during Use Stage


Based on this table, you can save roughly up to 235 kgCO2 eq. by switching to the PC Hub per PC, per year – depending on which device the PC Hub is replacing.


To compound this total carbon emission reduction, Cloud PCs rely on data centres. Due to government regulations, most of these data centres are heading toward carbon neutrality, with some already achieving carbon neutrality/negativity. Therefore, the only thing producing carbon emissions is the PC Hub, which has far fewer emissions than its competitors.


Figure 3: Usage Carbon Emissions


4.2. E-Waste

In addition to decreasing your carbon emissions, switching to a cloud solution can significantly reduce e-waste by increasing the lifespan of your existing device by taking the load off your local PC and relocating it to a Cloud PC. This means there is less waste and less need for manufacturing new PCs, decreasing emissions associated with both End-Of-Life and manufacturing.




5. Summary

In summary, by using our system, you get all the benefits of a cloud-based flexible working, no I.T. solution that is low maintenance and reduces overall operating costs, carbon emissions and e-waste.


As highlighted when discussing operational costs, users who rely on high-end PCs for work can save up to £350 per annum on power consumption simply by switching to the PC Hub, which, thanks to MoonShine, can still run all the same GPU-intensive applications.


Finally, thanks to the size and longevity of the PC Hub, there is a significant reduction in natural resource usage and in e-waste at the end of the devices’ life cycle as, when recycled properly, the majority of the PC Hub can be repurposed. Not to mention the enterprise-level recycling practices carried out by high-end data centres due to environmental regulations, which once again leads to less e-waste.


6. Bibliography

Apple INC (2022). MacBook Air. Available at: https://www.apple.com


Babbitt, Callie & Kahhat, Ramzy & Williams, Eric & Babbitt, Gregory. (2009). Evolution of Product Lifespan and Implications for Environmental Assessment and Management: A Case Study of Personal Computers in Higher Education. Environmental science & technology. 43. 5106-12. 10.1021/es803568p.


Bluejay, M. (March 2012). How much electricity do computers use? http://michaelbluejay.com/electricity/computers.html.


Circular Computing (2022). What Is in the Carbon Footprint of a Laptop. Available at: https://circularcomputing.com/news/carbon-footprint-laptop/


Computerbitsinfo (2022). How Much Energy Do Gaming Computers Use? Available at: https://computerinfobits.com/how-much-energy-do-gaming-computers-use/


GOV.UK (2018). Greenhouse Gas Reporting: Conversion Factors 2018. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/greenhouse-gas-reporting-conversion-factors-2018


Harvard University (2022). 6 Ways to Minimize Your E-Waste. Available at: https://green.harvard.edu/tools-resources/how/6-ways-minimize-your-e-waste


Kalmykova, Yuliya & Patrício, João & Rosado, Leonardo & Berg, Per. (2015). Out with the old, out with the new – The effect of transitions in TVs and monitors technology on consumption and WEEE generation in Sweden 1996–2014. Waste Management. 29. 10.1016/j.wasman.2015.08.034.


Kamilaris, Andreas & Pantazaras, Alexandros & Kalluri, Balaji & Kondepudi, Sekhar & Tham, K. & Dang, Jasmine. (2014). Good Practices in the Use of ICT Equipment for Electricity Savings at a University Campus. 2014 International Green Computing Conference, IGCC 2014. 10.1109/IGCC.2014.7039176.


Ofgem (2022). Energy Price Cap Explained. Available at: https://www.ofgem.gov.uk/check-if-energy-price-cap-affects-you


Pidramble (2022). Power Consumption Benchmark. Available at:


Statista (2019). Average Selling Price of Personal Computers (PCs) Worldwide from 2015 to 2019. Available at: https://www.statista.com/statistics/722992/worldwide-personal-computers-average-selling-price/


Teehan P. and Kandlikar M. (2012) Sources of Variation in Life Cycle Assessments of Desktop Computers. Available at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1530-9290.2011.00431.x




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